Open Access Research

Acute exercise exacerbates ischemia-induced diastolic rigor in hypertensive myocardium

Patricia O Reger1, Stephen C Kolwicz2 and Joseph R Libonati3*

Author Affiliations

1 Department of Biokinetics, Eastern University, St. David’s, Radnor Township, PA USA

2 Mitochondria and Metabolism Center, School of Medicine, University of Washington Seattle, Seattle, WA, USA

3 Biobehavioral and Health Sciences, School of Nursing, University of Pennsylvania, 135 Claire M. Fagin Hall, 418 Curie Boulevard, Philadelphia, PA 19104-4217, USA

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SpringerPlus 2012, 1:46  doi:10.1186/2193-1801-1-46

Published: 2 November 2012

Abstract

Previous studies have shown that acute exercise preconditions the myocardium from ischemic injury. The purpose of this study was to test whether acute exercise protects the hypertensive myocardium from ischemia-induced diastolic rigor, and to compare the response between normotensive and uncompensated hypertensive hearts. Hearts harvested from female Wistar-Kyoto (WKY; n = 24) and spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR; n = 27) (age:10–12 weeks) were exposed to ischemia (Langendorff isovolumic preparation; 22 minutes of no flow ischemia and studied following prior conditions of: 1) no exercise (WKY-CON, n=8; SHR-CON, n=8); 2) ischemia initiated one hour post-acute exercise (WKY-1HR, n = 8; SHR-1HR, n = 11); and 3) ischemia initiated 24 hours post-acute exercise (WKY-24HR; n = 8; SHR-24HR, n = 8). Acute exercise consisted of one bout of treadmill running at 25 m/min for 60 minutes. Heart weight was similar between WKY and SHR despite elevated in vivo resting systolic blood pressure and rate pressure product in SHR (P<0.05). During normoxic perfusion, left ventricular (LV) Langendorff performance was similar between WKY and SHR over the post-exercise time course. However, during ischemia, LV diastolic rigor was less in WKY vs. SHR (P<0.05). Acute exercise augmented ischemia-induced LV dysfunction one hour post-exercise in SHR (P<0.05), with gradual recovery by 24 hours post-exercise. These data suggest that acute exercise promotes ischemic diastolic rigor in SHR, even prior to the development of cardiac hypertrophy.

Keywords:
Exercise; Preconditioning; Hypertension; Heart; Ischemia