Open Access Research

Electromyographic responses during time get up and go test in water (wTUG)

Antonio I Cuesta-Vargas12*, Carlos Cano-Herrera1, Danielle Formosa3 and Brendan Burkett3

Author Affiliations

1 Department of Physiotherapy, University of Malaga, Av de Martiricos s/n, Malaga, 29071, Spain

2 School of Clinical Science, Faculty of Health Science, Queensland University Technology, Queensland, Australia

3 Centre for Healthy Activities, Sport and Exercise at the University of Sunshine Coast, Sunshine Coast, Australia

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SpringerPlus 2013, 2:217  doi:10.1186/2193-1801-2-217

Published: 10 May 2013


The aim of this study was to use sEMG to measure the neuromuscular activity during the TUG task in water, and compare this with the responses for the same task on land. Ten healthy subjects [5 males and 5 females [mean ± SD]: age, 22.0 ± 3.1 yr; body mass, 63.9 ± 17.2 kg. A telemetry EMG system was used on the following muscles on the right side of the body: the quadriceps – rectus femoris [RF], long head of the biceps femoris [BF], tibialis anterior [TA], gastrocnemius medialis [GM], soleus [SOL], rectus abdominis [RA] and erector spinae [ES]. Each subject performed the TUG test three times with five minutes recover between trials in water and on dry land. The % MVC was significantly different (p < 0.05) for majority of the muscles tested during the TUG water compared to dry land. % MVC of RF [p = 0.003, t = 4.07]; BF [p = 0.000, t = 6.8]; TA [p = 0.005, t = 5.9]; and SOL [p = 0.048, t = 1.98]; RA [p = 0.007, t = 3.45]; and ES [p = 0.004, t = 3.78]. The muscle activation of the trunk and the lower limb [VM RF, BF, TA, GM and SOL] were lower in water compared to dry land, when performing a TUG test.

EMG; Aquatic; Time to up and go; Hydrotherapy