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Open Access Research

Serum anti-P53 antibodies and alpha-fetoprotein in patients with non-B non-C hepatocellular carcinoma

Abdel Raouf Abou El Azm1*, Mohamed Yousef2, Raafat Salah2, Wael Mayah2, Salwa Tawfeek3, Hussien Ghorabah2 and Nagwa Mansour2

Author Affiliations

1 Faculty of Medicine, Tanta University, Egypt and president of the Egyptian Society of Liver and Environment, Tanta, Egypt

2 Faculty of Medicine, Tanta University, Tanta, Egypt

3 National research Institute, Cairo, Egypt

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SpringerPlus 2013, 2:69  doi:10.1186/2193-1801-2-69

Published: 25 February 2013

Abstract

The rate of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is increasing worldwide including Egypt. Non-B non-C HCC was reported in some countries. We aimed to investigate P53 antibodies and alpha-fetoprotein in patients with non-B non-C HCC in our region. In a case series study, included 281 patients with HCC and 20 patients with liver cirrhosis of matched age, sex and social factors were received for management at Tanta University Hospitals. Sera were tested for HCV and HBV markers by ELISA/PCR, alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) level and anti-p53 antibody were evaluated by ELISA. Antinuclear antibody, serum copper and iron were assessed in non-viral HCC. Liver scanning and biopsy were evaluated. Non-B non-C HCC patients were 13.87% of total. P53 antibody serum level in non-B non-C HCC patients showed insignificant difference (p>0.05) as compared to viral-associated HCC, while significant as compared to cirrhosis. They had significant decrease in serum AFP level (p<0.001) as compared to viral-associated HCC. Their tumors were mainly solitary, and have smaller-sizes. Sensitivity, specificity, PPV, NPV and accuracy test of anti P53 antibody positive patients were 91.52%, 84.63%, 90.34%, 80.2% and 74.8% respectively. It correlates positively with AFP, tumor size and staging, MELD score and Child-Pugh score.

Non-B non-C HCC showed high serum prevalence of anti-p53 as viral-associated HCC suggesting an evidence of high onchogenecity. It appears of much benefit in diagnosis, follow up and differentiation from cirrhosis in presence of low levels of alpha-fetoprotein.

Keywords:
Hepatocellular carcinoma; Non-B non-C HCC; Hepatitis C; P53 antibodies; Alpha-fetoprotein